Sunday, May 31, 2020

Implications of the Second Theater Scene in Stephen Crane’s Maggie A Girl of the Streets - Literature Essay Samples

With the second theater scene of Stephen Crane’s novella Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, the plot of the selected play is used ironically to provide insight to the hopes and concerns of its audience. Because the theater is a form of escape for Maggie and those of the Bowery tenement specifically, the strife of characters is very much reflective of their reality and elicits raw, visceral reactions — to both their â€Å"imagined† and â€Å"real† condition (31). This is seen in the chosen melodrama wherein a â€Å"heroine was rescued from the palatial home of her guardian,† which is ironic in that its inevitably hopeful and happy ending both simplifies and falsifies life — setting up the idea that those above the audience are always happy and that all those less than are innocently unhappy, until they can better their circumstances (31). The plot also reflects the concerns of the audience, affirming that the â€Å"poor and virtuous† may â €Å"eventually surmount the wealthy and wicked,† giving hope to the otherwise hopeless, and playing off of their subconscious desires — although providing no real method for ascension other than random acts of heroism (32). This unrealistic promise of heroics is ironic too, as it is what likely leads Maggie to see Pete as her only escape from predetermined reality, and gives reason for her attachment — as she believes him to be her â€Å"hero with the beautiful sentiments† (31). Crane uses this example of disillusionment as a form of commentary on the poor’s distorted understanding of social mobility, which he ultimately argues perpetuates the cycle of poverty in the tenement. Additionally, the choice of diction employed by Crane in his descriptions of the audience holds negative, monster-like connotations which serve as a more basic commentary on the ironic position of power perceived by the audience when at the theater. These â€Å"shady persons† are from the perspective of Maggie, â€Å"unmistakably bad men,† and are seen throughout the play showering â€Å"maledictions† upon similarly villainous characters, who now represent the upper classes (31). The audie nce is also seen vulgarly â€Å"hiss[ing] vice† but â€Å"applaud[ing] virtue† with the intent to show support for those â€Å"unfortunate and oppressed† characters they now identify with — uncharacteristically showing a new, â€Å"sincere admiration for virtue† (31). This is very much unlike the proper etiquette of a traditional â€Å"uptown† theater, but understandable of a tenement audience entranced by the theater’s effect of â€Å"transcendental realism† and hypnotized to the teachings of its plot, which bestow upon them a new, third-person perspective and unite them under common sentiments (31). Together, they â€Å"encouraged the struggling hero with cries jeered the villain [and] sought out the painted misery and hugged it as akin† (31, 32). Their reactions to the play, as well as the plot itself, are reflective of their own desires, and it is only within the theater that they are provided the power to ensure these things, and the position to â€Å"confront† and â€Å"denounce† the rich — which is unsurprisingly taken full advantage of (32). In Crane’s narration of the scene, the reader is moved between a wide, generalized perspective and a descriptive one presented through the perspective of Maggie, in order to provide insight to her psychology rather than the greater audience’s. Hence, it is Maggie who perceives the fine details of the scene; the church windows as â€Å"happy-hued,† heroine’s home as â€Å"palatial,† her guardian as â€Å"cruel,† and the hero as man of â€Å"beautiful sentiments† (31, 32). This stylistic perspective change is utilized both to share the thoughts of Maggie, and to relate the details of the melodrama back to the larger, outside themes and progression of the novella. For instance, with the hero’s â€Å"erratic march from poverty in the first act, to wealth and triumph in the final,† there again lies support for the idea of social mobility, which, the reader is shown, is not only widely praised by the audience, but leads Maggie to â€Å"think† that perhaps similar â€Å"culture and refinementcould be acquired by a girl who lived in a tenement house† (32). While this likely occurs in many minds of the audience, it is done so ironically in this instance, as Maggie eventually becomes a prostitute — the only role for which she can comparably ascend and descend the social scale. Stephen Crane’s descriptions throughout the novel use naturalism to suggest that it is the tenement which dehumanize poor individuals, but attributes the perpetuation of their status to the distorted perception of reality shown in the plots of the Bowery’s popular melodramas. To illustrate this, irony is employed throughout the descriptions of the plays, commenting on the use of their plot for the audience’s consolation, which ultimately distracts from directed efforts to better their own positions, but leaves them â€Å"with raised spirits† (32).

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Mental Health and Violence Essay - 1563 Words

Are people with mental illness more violent than the rest of the population? If you only listen to the media, you are sure to answer, â€Å"Yes†. However, most of us know that the media is not the most reliable source of information. In fact, the media has a Tendency to bend the facts, plucking out stories and statistics that colour the truth in order to popularize their Medium. Most people who have mental health problems experience symptoms, and gradually recover. They may pick Up where they left off, or head in a new direction in life. Everybody’s experience of mental ill health is Different and everybody’s recovery is therefore individual. For a minority of people, the symptoms of their mental health problem might lead them to act†¦show more content†¦The real issue is the fact that people With mental illness are two and a half to four times more likely to be the victims of violence than any other group In our society. A small group of people with mental illness (those with severe and untreated symptoms of schizophrenia with Psychosis, major depression or bi-polar mood disorder) may have an increased rate of violence. In this group, Individuals who are suffering from psychotic symptoms that cause them to feel threatened or manipulated by Outside forces have a greater tendency towards violent behaviour. In spite of this, with early assessment and Appropriate treatment, individuals with severe illness are no more dangerous than the general population. Community treatment programs have also been found to be helpful in the management of behaviours that lead to crime. We want to emphasize that the actual number of people who belong to this group is extremely small, particularly When compared to the overall number of people who are coping with mental illness.Unfortunately, the media spotlights this small group of individuals, unfairly painting all people with Mental illness as potentially violent criminals. There is no doubt that the results of a rampage can be tragic, But the media tends to exploit the drama and leave out the context.Aside from the group of severely ill individuals, multiple studies have shown that mental illness alone does Not incline a person to violence. Instead, it is the influenceShow MoreRelatedViolence, Mental, And Mental Health3149 Words   |  13 PagesMonique Nguyen Global Health Paula Palmer 3 December 2014 Violence and mental health in Brazil Today, mental disorders, violence and injuries are more prominent in low- and middle-income countries (Rebeiro, 2013). Violence stems from all age groups and genders, however, Brazil faces disproportionately high rates of violence. Violence is a major contributor to morbidity and individual and collective costs (Reichenheim, 2011). Unfortunately, nearly 90% of people living in Sao Paulo and Rio de JaneiroRead MoreThe Effects Of Media Violence On Mental Health829 Words   |  4 Pagesstated that when ethnic minority children and youth are exposed to community violence their mental health is greatly affected. It was hypothesized that exposure to community violence would negatively relate to mental health outcomes. Their sample consisted of 281 African American undergraduate college students in a Midwest University. Their ages ranged from 18 to 24 years. Participants completed Exposure to Community Violence survey (Richters and Saltzman, 1990); the Racial Socialization Questionnaire-TeenRead MoreThe Effects Of Sexual Violence On Mental Health1478 Words   |  6 PagesDescribe the type(s) of violence this film portrays. The type of violence that is illustrated in the film â€Å"The Hunting Ground† is sexual violence. Sexual violence has a profound impact on physical and mental health. It can be directed against both men and women (Ch. 6 page 149). Sexual violence has been associated with a number of mental health and behavioral problems in adolescence and adulthood (Ch. 6 pg. 163). Its impact on mental health can be as serious as its physical impact, and may be equallyRead MoreVideo Games : Violence And Mental Health Essay2077 Words   |  9 PagesA growing sense of concern about violence in communities across America has prompted many people to step back and evaluate the causes of this violence. Although there seem to be many contributing factors, one that is repeatedly highlighted is the depiction of violence in the media. A substantial amount of research has been done on certain forms of media, especially television and video games, while other forms have been almost completely neglected. In this paper, I will attempt to extend the implicationsRead MoreThe Effects Of Domestic Violence On Children s Mental Health941 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction to Domestic Violence Domestic violence refers to any occurrence of threatening abuse, behavior, or violence (financial, emotional, physical, psychological, or sexual) between adults who are present or past intimate partners or family members (Hester, Pearson, Harwin, 2006, p. 18). It is also known by an assortment of other names: battering, family violence, marital abuse, partner abuse, and wife beating, just to name a few. Domestic violence can be described as choking, burning, beatingRead MoreMental Health Problems And Violence Among Criminal Offenders1784 Words   |  8 Pagesbetween mental health problems and violence among criminal offenders. The purpose of the study conducted by (Felson, Silver and Vaneseltine) was to examine whether criminal offenders with mental health problems were more likely to commit violent crimes in comparison to offenders without mental health problems. (p 405). There are elements which will be critiqued and analysed further. There is a focus of a particular type of study which is the relationship between mental health problems and violence againstRead MoreHow Domestic Violence Affects Children As Well As The Mental Health Of Its Victims1744 Words   |  7 Pagesresearch topic. This chapter will provide a historical background on domestic violence, a historical perspective of the services provided and an overview of different forms of domestic violence. The goal of this literature review is to examine the statistical information that is presented as it relates to domestic violence. This literature review will also reveal how domestic violence affects children as well as the mental health of its victims. In addition, this chapter will include the Afrocentric perspectiveRead MoreDoes Expositor Help Community Violence Lead Mental Health Problems? Essay1346 Words   |  6 PagesThe research question is does expositor to community violence lead to mental health problems in adolescences? This question it bei ng tested based on the adolescence’s ethnicity, gender, and level of education. This was clearly stated in the beginning pages of the article. The independent variable is how much exposure each of the adolescences had to violence while in high school. The dependent variable is the amount of psychological distress experienced by the adolescent. The controlled variablesRead MoreIn Recent Years, Violence Has Been Increasing And Causing1206 Words   |  5 PagesIn recent years, violence has been increasing and causing alarm due to the rising statistics and mass shootings. While most people see violence as a danger to our society, few try to understand what is really causing the violence. This literature review examines one approach to possibly reducing violence: better mental health care. This paper discusses the links between mental health and violence, and how proper medication and treatment can help to reduce violence in our communities. This reviewRead MoreThere Is Currently A Critical Global Shortage Of Nurses1222 Words   |  5 Pagesparticularly in specialty areas such as mental health nursing. Psychiatric nurses are frequent victims of burn out and workplace violence because of the nature of patients they serve, the demands of the institution, and the shortage of trained staff. According to Qi et al. (2014), â€Å"N urses working in mental health hospitals have been found to suffer from higher levels of work-related stress, as they are frequently exposed to violent behavior by mental health patients compared to nurses who work in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Twelve Who Ruled †Why Tenacious Terror was Necessary Essay

In the year 1793-94, the Reign of Terror invoked by the twelve members of Committee of Public Safety (CPS) was unavoidable and led the way for a metamorphosis to occur within France during the French Revolution. While the word terror is often associated with Halloween or stories meant to be frightening for fun, the word held a far more serious meaning to the people of France. The theme of fear allowed the CPS members to change the monarchy to a revolutionary government in hopes of eventually enacting the constitution already written (75). A group of well-educated radical republicans known as the Jacobins developed the CPS in the fifth year of the French revolution and each of the twelve members dealt with a monthly election to continue†¦show more content†¦The twelve divided the work and each member was much like the United States cabinet officials are today. Each member assigned a task such as Finance, Security, etc. Originally, no member could make a decision without seven other members to avoid personal vendettas (67). As discussed in class, the CPS worked about twelve hour each day with only one day off per week, which meant every ten days. The first order of business for the CPS was to hunt for possible candidates who participated or potentially were involved in counter-revolutionary activities. The main suspects included â€Å"†¦refractory priests, à ©migrà ©s (nobles and clergy members who fled the country because of the revolution), hoarders and monopolists (66).† This did not stop the CPS from watching the entire population of France, but was an obvious place to begin considering the nobles were part of the reason why the French Revolution evolved. A new instrument emerged to attempt to control the people, the guillotine. In class, the device was to gift the nobles a humane and quick death, transcended to a tool of terror by the twelve members of the CPS. The guillotine became a symbol of the French Revolution and ultimately caus ed the CPS to fall withShow MoreRelatedPropaganda by Edward L Bernays34079 Words   |  137 Pages................................. THE MECHANICS OF PROPAGANDA . . CHAPTER I ORGANIZING CHAOS THE conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. This

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Evaluation of the Protective E... free essay sample

Evaluation of the Protective Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera L) Seed Oil against Diazinon Induced Hepatotoxicity in Male RatsAqeel Khaleel Ibraheem1, 2; Tamara Shaker Mahmoud1; Ahmed M. Attia1, 3 1Department of Environmental Studies, Institute of Graduate Studies and Research, Alexandria University2 Present address: Biology, Environmental Studies, Ministry of Education, Education Babylon, Iraq3Corresponding author:Ahmed M. AttiaProfessor of Environmental ToxicologyDepartment of Environmental StudiesInstitute of Graduate Studies ResearchAlexandria University163, Horrya Av. El-Shatbey, P.O. Box 832 # 21526Alexandria – EgyptEmail: [emailprotected]: +203 42 95 007; Fax: +203 42 85 792Abstract:Diazinon (DZN), is a commonly used organophosphorous (OP) pesticide to control a variety of insects in agriculture and in the environment. Moringa oleifera seed oil (MSO) is a pharmacologically active with documented antioxidant activity. The present study aims to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of DZN-induced liver damage. Twenty male Albino rats Sprague–Dawley were randomized into 4 groups. Group I: served as normal control given vehicle, 2) Group II: DZN group-rats received orally DZN at a dose 12. 50 mg/kg body weight (b.w)/day (1/100 LD50), Group III: MSO group-rats received orally 200 mg/kg b.w/day MSO, Group IV: MSO + DZN group DZN plus MSO was given. The administration of DZN increased (P 0.05) ALT, AST, ALP, lactic dehydrogenase, triglycerides and total cholesterol in serum, compared to control group, while protein and albumin were decreased. High levels of liver LPO and low antioxidant defenses, catalase (CAT), Superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities as well as glutathione (GSH) concentration in DZN-treated group. In rats supplemented with MSO as well as treated with DZN, hepatic specific marker enzymes were restored. Conclusions: Moringa oleifera seed oil may have hepatoprotective effect which is probably due to its antioxidant property. Keywords: Diazinon; Oxidative Stress; Antioxidants; Liver; Moringa Seed Oil 1. Introduction:Pesticides are occasionally used indiscriminately in large amounts causing environmental pollution and therefore, are a cause of concern. Organophosphorus insecticides (OPIs) are widespread use in agricultural and public health. However, most of applied agricultural pesticides never reach target organisms, but disperse through the environment [1,2]. Diazinon (O,O-Diethyl O-[4-methyl-6-(propan-2-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl] phosphorothioate) (DZN), is a commonly used organophosphorus insecticide. It has been used since 1956 for the control of soil insects and pests, on ornamental plants, and on fruits, vegetables and field crops. Now it is used to control flies around animal facilities, greenhouses and other businesses and public places where food or animal wastes might be accumulated [3]. DZN can be highly toxic for animals and humankind [4,5]. The main mechanism of action of DZN is acetyl-cholinesterase enzyme inhibition [6]. However, DZN may induce imbalance in the free radical production/elimination processes with consequent induction of cellular damage [7-9].The importance of the naturally currently widespread botanicals that can be consumed in an individuals everyday diet because of their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties [10]. Nature has been a source of medicinal treatments and up to 40% of modern drugs may directly or indirectly be related to natural compounds [11].Moringa oleifera is called Miracle Vegetable because it is both a medical and a functional food [12]. All parts of the Moringa tree (leaves, seeds, roots and flowers) are suitable for human and animal consumption. Moringa oleifera seed consists of oil, protein, fiber, moisture and ash. Oil and protein contents were 34. 80, 31.65%, respectively, thus some people use it as a nutritional supplement or tonic [13]. Moringa oleifera seed kernels contain a oleic acid which is resistance to oxidative degradation [14]. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to investigate the antioxidant and the chemo protective effect of Moringa oleifera seed oil against diazinon-induced oxidative stress in rats.2. Materials and Methods2.1. ChemicalsTechnical grade Diazinon (DZN); O,O-Diethyl O-[4-methyl-6-(propan-2-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl] phosphorothioate (98% purity) was donated from El-Helb, Pesticides and Chemicals, New Damietta, Egypt. It was diluted in corn oil for preparing the required concentrations. Dosing concentrations were freshly prepared during the administration period. Moringa seed oil (MSO) was purchased from Earths Moringa P.O. Box 39503, Los Angeles, CA 90039. Reduced glutathione (GSH), 1-chloro-2, 4-dinitrobenzene, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH), thiobarbituric acid (TBA), trichloroacetic acid (TCA), H2O2 (33%), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), reduced glutathione (GSH), 5,5 dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid (DTNB), potassium fihydrogenphosphate (KH2PO4), butanol and sodium chloride (NaCl) of technical grade used in this study were purchased from Sigma Chemical Company (Saint Louis, USA). Other chemicals were supplied from Merck Led. SRL Pvt., Led., Mumbai, India. 2.2. AnimalsTwenty male Albino rats Sprague–Dawley, weighing 180–200 g, were supplied from the Animal Breeding House of the Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt. Animals were maintained at the animal care facility in the Faculty of Medicine, in plastic cages under controlled temperature (23  ± 2 oC), 12-h light/dark cycle and 50  ± 5% relative humidity. Water and food were available ad libitum. Rats were acclimatized to the laboratory environment for two weeks prior to the start of the experiments. Animal Care Experimental Committee, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt, and all animal procedures were carried out in accordance with the Ethics Committee of the National Research Centre conformed to the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory [15]. During the experiments, maximum care was taken to minimize animal suffering and in addition, the number of rats used was kept at minimum 2.3. Experimental designAfter two weeks of acclimatization, animals were divided into four (n = 5 rats per group) equal groups. †¢ Group 1: Control group; rats were given 1 mL/kg body weight (b,w)/day by gavage for 28 days;†¢ Group 2: DZN group; rats were given DZN 12.50 mg/kg b.w/day (1/100 LD50) by gavage for 28 days. The LD50 and the regime schedule were selected according to the previous study [16,17];†¢ Group 3: MSO group; MSO was given, 200 mg/kg b.w/day, by gavage for 28 days according to the previous study [18];†¢ Group 4: MSO + DZN group; rats were given first with (MSO (200 mg/kg b.w/day) by gavage and after 30 min were given DZN (12.50 mg/kg b. w/day (1/100 LD50) by gavage for 28 days.2.4. Sample collection and preparationThe animals were starved overnight for 12h before blood was collected. Rats were anaesthetized with rats were weighed and anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital (40 mg/kg i.p.), and venous blood samples were collected by direct heart puncture into sterilized vials. Blood samples were allowed set to clot at 4 oC and centrifuged at 2500 g for 10 min. Then 1000 ?l aliquots of serum were placed in microfuge tubes and frozen on dry ice. Labeled bags were placed into freezer at -20 oC until the time of the assay.Livers was removed from rats under anesthesia, after 28 days of treatment and washed with cold saline buffer to remove any clotted blood or tissue debris. Washed livers were immediately stored at – 80 oC. To obtain the enzymatic extract, tissues were homogenized in ice-cold 50 mM sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) contains 0. 1 mM ethylendiaminetetra-acetic acid (EDTA) to yield 10% (W/V) homogenate. The tissue homogenates were then centrifuged 1500 Xg for 20 minutes at 4  ºC. The supernatants were kept at – 80  ºC till the time of determination of oxidative/antioxidant parameters. 2.5. Serum biomarkers All serum biomarkers were determined using a commercial kit in accordance with manufacturers instructions using a spectrophotometer (Shimadzu UV-VIS Recording 2401 PC, Japan). Serum samples were analyzed for total protein by Lowry et al. [19]. Albumin concentration was determined by the method of Doumas et al. [20]. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT; EC and aspartate aminotransferase (AST; EC 2. 6.1.1) activities were determined using commercial kits obtained from Biodiagnostic kit (Cairo, Egypt). The principle reaction of the colorimetric determination of AST or ALT activity is based on the reaction of aspartate or alanine with ?ketoglutarate to form oxaloacetate or pyruvate hydrazone formed with 2, 4dinitrophenylhydrazine [21]. Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP; EC 3.1.3. 1) activity was measured at 405 nm by the formation of para-nitrophenol from para-nitrophenylphosphate as a substrate [22] using commercial kits obtained from Biodiagnostic kit (Cairo, Egypt). Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; EC was determined according to the method of Friedman and Young [23], using kit obtained from Spinreact (Santa Coloma, Spain). Cholesterol and triglycerides was measured according to the method Carr et al. [24] using Biodiagnostic kit (Cairo, Egypt). 2.6. Lipid peroxidation assayThe extent of LPO was estimated as the concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive product malondialdehyde (MDA) by using the method of Ohkawa et al. [25]. MDA concentrations were determined using 1,1,3,3-tetraethoxypropane as standard and expressed as nmol/g liver tissue.2.7. Antioxidant enzymes Catalase (CAT, EC. activity was measured according to the method described by Aebi by assaying the hydrolysis of H2O2 and the resulting decrease in absorbance at 240 nm over a 3 min period at 25 oC [26]. The activity of CAT enzyme is expressed as U/gm tissue. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx; EC 1. 11.1.9) activity was measured using H2O2 as substrate according to the method described by Paglia and Valentine [27]. The reaction was monitored indirectly as the oxidation rate of NADPH at 240 nm for 3 min. Enzyme activity was expressed as U/gm tissue. Superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC 1.15. 1.1) activity was determined according to the method described by Marklund and Marklund by assaying the autooxidation and illumination of pyrogallol at 440 nm for 3 min [28]. 2.8. Reduced glutathione assayReduced GSH estimation was performed by the method of Beutler et al. [29]. Livers were homogenized in 1 ml of 1. 1% KCl cooled, then homogenate (100  µl) was mixed with 750  µL of precipitate solution (1.67 g glacial meta-phosphoric acid, 0.2 g EDTA and 30 g of NaCl in 100 ml D.W.) and 900  µl of D.W. Homogenated tissue were centrifuged at 2000g for 15 min to precipitate proteins. Protein-free supernatant (250  µl) was added to 1ml of Na2HPO4 (0.0 M) solution and the reaction was initiated by adding 125  µl of DTNB (6 mM) and the absorbance of 5-thio-nitrobenzoic acid (TNB) formed was measured at 412 nm. The level of GSH was obtained by standard curve and expressed as U/g tissue.2.9. Statistical analysisAll data were expressed as mean  ± standard deviation (SD) and then subjected to one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukeys multiple comparison tests. Values of p

Friday, April 17, 2020

INTRODUCTION Essays (2838 words) - Vocal Music, Musical Theatre

INTRODUCTION As I sit here at my computer, I am at a standstill trying to decide where to start. How do you condense a person into ten short pages, and still enable the reader to ?get to know' them. I have decided that the task is nearly impossible, even in the telling of a life that was tragically so short. Evita, as the people affectionately knew her, entered into this world with nothing and left with everything. From a poor peasant girl growing up in the pampas, to a popular media personality, to the First Lady of Argentina. In her short period on this earth she definitely made her mark. To this day, she is still a controversial figure in her native Argentina. She was beloved by the working classes and shunned by the aristocracy. When Eva Per?n died in 1952 of cancer, a group of anti-Per?nist tried to erase all physical evidence relating to Evita. Her personal notes, diaries, and photos were burned in public demonstrations. Her monuments were torn down and destroyed. Eva's body disappeared for sixteen years, in hopes that without the physical body, Eva would be soon forgotten. A group sprang up soon after and flourished in Argentina, the ?Saint Evita' cult. Posters of Evita were on every street corner, in all the villages, and in the people's hearts. The president, who took office after Juan Per?n was overthrown, was kidnapped and murdered by Saint Evita followers who wanted him to reveal where her body had been hidden. Finally, in 1976, Eva Duarte-Per?n was interred in the Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires, Argentine. For the first time since her death, she had come home again. Who is this woman, who even in death can incite such devotion? Just as mysteries surrounded Eva in death, so did they shadow her life. The Evita of the Argentine people is straightforward, and there are very few secrets. It is Eva's life before Per?n that is obscured and shadowy. It is this part of Eva's life that I find the most intriguing. This is the time of Eva's life that helped define who she was. These are the events that made her ?Evita'. LOS TOLDOS There are many small villages breaking up the plains of the Argentine pampa. If you went to sleep in one village and woke up in another, it is doubtful you would notice right away. An Argentine writer, Ezequiel Mart?nez Estrada, made this observation: "It is not so much that the houses are small, as the fact that they are dwarfed by the immensity of their surroundings. The smallness is an optical illusion; it is the pampa that makes them seem so. These villages are like meteorites...fallen to earth in the countryside. One can enter one of them and believe one is entering the village one has just left.... There is no real distinction between the village and the countryside; the village just depends on the latter and that is all. It is there but it could be to the right or to the left, indeed, it could even not be there at all..." The unsurfaced streets of Los Toldos were hot and dusty in the dry season and impossible to navigate during the rains. Surrounding the plaza of Los Toldos was the church and two stores. The village stopped about four blocks, in all directions, from the plaza. The houses tended to all look alike and were made from brick. They were boxes all laid out in a perfect grid pattern. Outside the village boundaries, cattle grazed on the fertile grasses of the pampa. Juana Ibarguren had lived in this village all of her life, her mother had been born here too. On 7 May 1919, her youngest daughter, Eva made her appearance in Los Toldos. Juana met Juan Duarte when she was fifteen years old, and fell madly in love. It did not matter to Juana that Duarte had a wife and children in another town. Together Duarte and Juana had five children, Eva being the youngest. To this day, no records of Eva's birth or baptism can be located. It is believed they were destroyed prior to her marriage to Juan Per?n to cover up the fact that Eva was illegitimate. When Eva was less than a

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Student Ph and Ph Meter Essay

Student Ph and Ph Meter Essay Student: Ph and Ph Meter Essay UNIT 4 scientific practical techniques 1 .PH Probe A PH probe also known as a PH meter is an electronic device used for measuring the pH (acidity or alkalinity) of a liquid (though special probes are sometimes used to measure the pH of semi-solid substances). A typical pH meter consists of a special measuring probe (a glass electrode) connected to an electronic meter that measures and displays a digital pH reading The glass electrodes must be calibrated using a two point method with the appropriate buffer standard. To perform a two point calibration two buffer solutions are required. These buffers should be based upon the normal measurement range that probe operates in. A probe used for measuring the pH of alkali solutions should use pH buffers 7.0 and 10.0. Likewise, a pH probe in an acidic solution should be calibrated with a 2.0 (or 4.0) and a 7.0 buffer solution. Why this instrument was selected? The pH probe was selected for analysis because it provides accurate (post calibration) pH readings that are digitally taken to 2dp’s, and as we were dealing with solutions of an unknown pH, it is important to know precisely what the pH of each was, as they may have been used in other experiments needing a specific Ph. The use of this respective piece of equipment allowed us to ensure our reading of the pH of 3 unknown solutions was accurate to 2 decimal places, The alternative method would be use of PH litmus papers Litmus papers Litmus is a water-soluble mixture of different dyes extracted from lichens, especially Roccella tinctoria. It is often absorbed onto filter paper to produce one of the oldest forms of pH indicator, used to test materials for acidity. How they are use: Blue litmus paper turns red under acidic conditions and red litmus paper turns blue under basic (i.e. alkaline) conditions, Evaluating and comparing the accuracy of the procedures Advantage of using a PH meter over Litmus papers The PH meter provides a digital reading to 2 decimal places while as the litmus paper gives a rough estimate whether the solution is acidic or alkaline not giving a specific value of levels of the acidity or alkalinity . Disadvantages of using a PH meter over litmus papers For very precise and accurate results the pH meter must be calibrated before each measurement which means the accuracy of the results may be depend on

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Profile of a Health Care Manager Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Profile of a Health Care Manager - Essay Example Likewise, a good health manager assumes a proactive stance in addressing the needs of stakeholders under his or her jurisdiction. Professionals choose to work in settings that provide either direct or nondirect service, depending on their knowledge, skills set, and experience. Some health care managers are called to directly serve the needs of a specific profile of clientele. Others serve in non-direct settings, such as â€Å"consulting firms, pharmaceutical companies, associations, and medical equipment companies† (Thompson, Buchbinder, & Shanks, n.d., p. 2). Thus, depending also on the delegated responsibilities, these managers abide by the need to serve various stakeholders; either in direct or nondirect service capacities. Health care managers who work on direct care settings possess characteristics and traits that would ensure competencies in health care; specifically the following key competencies associated with an effective manager: â€Å"conceptual, technical, and interpersonal skills† (Thompson, Buchbinder, & Shanks, n.d., p. 5). Health care managers who work in nondirect care settings should have the overview and background required from these nondirect services, as well as the expected responsibilities required from them. Thus, a good theoretical knowledge of the nondirect service being undertaken and regularly transacted with; as well as skills in dealing with various stakeholders (suppliers, investors, community members, customers, and the like). Thompson, J., Buchbinder, S., & Shanks, N. (n.d.). An Overview of Healthcare Management. Retrieved from Jones & Barttlet Learning: